Lead Exposure linked to Depression, Anxiety, Phobias and Pessimism

Life-long, low-level lead exposure is associated with increased reports of depression and anxiety that are related to phobias in older women, according to research published in Environmental Health Perspectives. 


It may be worth mentioning that the hair metal concentration reflects the bone metal concentration. (Thomas L. Labor & Diagnose, Med. Verlag Marburg 1992, pg 430)

Another recent study links lead exposure to pessimism in men.


Blood lead levels, depression and panic disorders

December 2009, JAMA Psychiatry

Blood Lead Levels and Major Depressive Disorder, Panic Disorder, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder in US Young Adults

Maryse F. Bouchard, PhD, MScDavid C. Bellinger, PhD, MScJennifer Weuve, MPH, ScD; et al

Higher blood lead levels were associated with increased odds of major depression and panic disorders. Exposure to lead at levels generally considered safe could result in adverse mental health outcomes.